ANTIPATER


ANTIPATER
ANTIPATER (first century C.E.), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod's other sons, Herod restored Antipater to court. From the moment he returned to his father's house, Antipater sought to annihilate the sons of Mariamne in order to attain the throne. As long as he was in Jerusalem, he informed on them to his father. He continued to inform against his half brothers even when he was sent by his father to Rome already as the designated crown prince (13 B.C.E.). This activity only ceased for a time when Augustus brought about a reconciliation between Herod and his sons, but in the end Antipater and his allies gained their object: Alexander and Aristobulus were executed on Herod's order and Antipater was designated as heir apparent (7 B.C.E.). But just as he had almost   antipater reached his objective, his plot to murder the aged Herod was discovered. Antipater was condemned to death and the sentence carried out five days before Herod's own death. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., books 16–17; Jos., Wars, 1:552 ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19635), 153–69; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (19014), 407–14; H. Willrich, Das Haus des Herodes (1929), index. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antipater — (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος Antipatros ; ca. 397 BC 319 BC) was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander s empire. Career under Philip and AlexanderNothing… …   Wikipedia

  • Antipăter — Antipăter. I. Fürsten: 1) A., Sohn des Iolaos, Feldherr des macedonischen Königs Philippos I., bei Alexanders d. Gr. Zuge gegen Persien Statthalter in Macedonien; schlug 330 v. Chr. die Spartaner bei Megalopolis. Er unterstützte nach Alexanders… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipater, s. Antipatros …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipăter (grch. Antipătros), Feldherr Philipps II. von Mazedonien und Alexanders d. Gr., blieb während Alexanders Zug nach Persien seit 334 v. Chr. als Vizekönig in Mazedonien zurück und schlug 330 die aufständischen Spartaner bei Megalopolis.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipater, Feldherr Philipps von Macedonien, von Alexander dem Gr. als Statthalter von Macedonien zurückgelassen, besiegte während Alexanders Feldzug bei Aegä den König Agis von Sparta 330 vor Chr., nach Alexanders Tod die aufgestandenen Griechen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — [an tip′ə tər] 397? 319 B.C.; Macedonian general under Alexander the Great …   English World dictionary

  • ANTIPATER — I. ANTIPATER Archon Athenis, Olymp. XCVII. an 4. Item, e cohorte nobilium puerorum Alexandri M. coniurationis in Regem Hermolao partriceps. Curt. l. 8. c. 6. Item Grammaticus, qui scripsit in Aristoph. commentaria. Vide Scholia in Aves. II.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antipater — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Antipater ou Antipatros (du grec ancien Αντίπατρος, « comme le père ») est un nom d origine grecque qui peut désigner : Antipater, général… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antipater — Antipatros (griech. Αντίπατρος, latinisiert Antipater) bezeichnet: Antipater (Makedonien) (397 v. Chr.–319 v. Chr.), ein Feldherr und späterer Reichsverweser Makedoniens Antipater II. († 279 v. Chr.), König von Makedonien Antipatros (Idumäer) (†… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antipater — /an tip euh teuhr/, n. 398? 319 B.C., Macedonian statesman and general: regent of Macedonia 334 323. * * * died 43 BC Founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. Born in Idumaea, a region of southern Judaea, he gained power by helping the… …   Universalium


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